I've seen these kinds of charts in the likes of Bicycling Magazine in the past. They are aimed at newbies. Really, you just need to experiment, with what clothes you have, and see what works for yourself in what temp. I run cool and always wear more than my mates.
Here is the way I dress for progressively colder temps starting with warm weather cycling:
1) basic shorts/bibs and short sleeve jersey
2) add arm warmers and a second short sleeve jersey.
(I've used a mesh base layer and it works nice but I only have one and hardly ever can find it since it is so small.
(I also bought some Craft base layers but I usually find them a bit warm. I like a full zipp short sleeve jersey as a base layer so I can unzipp it and regulate temperature.) I prefer arm warmers over a long sleeve jersey because you can roll them down on climbs. If it's a flat ride, I may go for a long sleeve jersey over arm warmers.
3) Add a wind vest to the above #2
3a) Wear bib knickers instead of regular bibs
At this point I start adding jackets, gloves, booties, and tights to the mix.
4) Castelli Transparente Due jacket + short sleeve jersey as base layer + knickers + lighter weight gloves. This jacket is a light weight windstopper jacket. One warmer up might be a long sleeve base layer underneath if it's a flat ride. On a flat ride I know I won't overheat.
5) Add lighter weight tights to the above
6) for a little bit colder I may wear a base layer + short sleeve jersey + all of 4 & 5
7) After that we are getting towards full winter jacket, base layer, heavier/warmer tights warmer winter gloves, sock liners and booties.
You can also search the internet and find lots of guides like this:https://www.google.com/search?q=cycling ... 8&oe=utf-8